My Inventions Part Six - The Art Of Telautomatics

Wednesday, October 1, 1919
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508 ELECTRICAL EXPERIMENTER Octobe‘r, I9 I9 alive to everything toucliing on the sttlijevt of my rest~:trcl\. I could recall the smallest details and the least insignificant observations in my experiments and even recite pages of text and complex mathematical formulae. My belief' is Firm in a law of compensation. The true rewards are 'ever in proportion to the labor aml saerilires frequency. Steve Brodie had just jumped off the Brooklyn Bridge. 'l`he feat has been vnlgarized since by imitators, but the first report electrihed New York. I was very impressionable tl\en and frequently spoke of the daring printer. On a hot afternoon I felt the necessity of refreshing myself and stepped into one of the popular thirty thousand in- stitutions of this great city made. This is one of the where a delicious twelve per reasons why I feel certain _ __ cent beverage was served that of all my inventions, ’ which can now be had only the Magnifying 'transmitter X -= by making a trip 10 \l\@ DUCT wit] D,-OVC mggt itnpurnntq and devastated countries of and valuable to future gen- ', , Europe. The attendance erations. I ani protnpted to i i _ _ , was large and not over-dis- this prediction not so much ,v_ " tinguished and a matter \vas 1, ghonvtltg gf the (mm, V discussed which gave me an nlhrcial ;\d industrial revo- / _ ,» 'f Bdlnlfable OIJCUIHS f0\' me lution which it will surely _ \ » .,{,,= 5' Careless remark: "This is bring about, but of the hu- f _ what I said when I jluHI>€fl manitarian consequencesiof " _ t, f ` off the bridged' N0 500n9f the many acliieventents it / I had I UUUCI-l mcse ‘V0ffl5 nmltt-s ptnsiltle. <‘o|tsi0\’Hf0l‘)'- at any point of the globe ` ‘ I ` _»{’f"‘{ where I il"'f5“’ Off "U C031- this accomplishment, in- camouflagcd \'“)`5elf 35 3 stead of being a ltlessing. hard-working blacksmith, might ],,.i,,g disusm, to Dr. Tesla is Rapldly Becoming Vounqer, Judge for Yourself from HI: and sm,,,,_d the forge, Bm mankind in giving rise to disscusion and anarchy which would ultimately result in the eu- throuenu~nt of the hated regime of furee. 'l`he ;;rr~:\tt-st good will come from technical i\nprov<‘nieuts tt~n

00 ELECTRICAL EXPERIMENTER October. l 9 I 9 By Nikola Tellu (Conlmucd from page no My Ixngtnftiions _ 5. ) this is also true. and perhaps more so, of certain defects in the brain which deprive the automaton, more or less, of that vital quality and cause it to rush into destruc- tion. A very sensitive and observant being. with his highly developed mechanism all intact, and acting with precision in obedi- ence to the changing conditions of the en- vironment. is endowed with a transcending mechanical sense, enabling him to evade |\eri|s too subtle to be directly perceived. \\'hen he comes i\\ contact with others whose controlling organs are radically faulty, that sense asserts itself and he feels the "cosmic" pain. The truth of this has been borne out in hundreds of instances and I am inviting other students of nature to devote attention to this subject, believing that thru combined and systematic effort results of incalculahle value to the world will be attained, Dr. '|'|lI|’| Fira! Aulumllnn. 'I`hc idea of constructing an automaton. to bear out m theory, presented itself to me early but Iyditl not begin active work until 1893, when I started my wireless in- vestigations. During the succeeding two or three years a number of :tutomatic mechan- isms, to be actuated from a distance, were constructed by me and exhibited to visitors in my laboratory. In 1896, however, I de- signed a complete machine capable of a multitude of operations. but the constnu- mation of n\y labors was delayed until lata: in 1897. This machine was illustrated and described in my article in the Century Magazine of june, 1900, and other period- icals of that time and, \vhcn first shown in the beginning of 1898, it created a sensa- tion such as no other invention of mine has ever produced. I|\ November, 1898, a basic patent on the novel art was granted to me, but only after the Examiner-in-Chief had come to New York and witnesst the performance, for what I claimed seemed unbelievable. I remember that when later I called on an otiicial in Washington. \vitl1 a view of offering the invention to the Government, he bu st out in laughter upon my telling him wiht I had accomplished. Nobody thought then that there was the faintest prospect of perfecting such a device. It is unfortunate that i|\ this pat- ent, following the advice of my attorneys, I indicated the control as being effected thru the medium of a single circuit and a well- known form of detector, for the reason that I had not yet secured protection on my methods and apparatus for individual- ization. As a matter of fact, tny boats were controlled thru the joint action of several circuits and interference of every kind was excluded. Most generally I cm- ployed receiving circuits i\\ tl|e form of loops, including condensers, because the discharges of_my high-tension transmitter ionized the air in the hall so that even a very small aerial would draw electricity from the surrounding atmosphere for hours. just to give an idea, I found, for instance, that a bulb 12" in diameter, highly exhausted, and with one single terminal to which a short wire was at- tached, would deliver \vell on to one thou- sand successive flashes before all char e of the air in the laboratory was neutraized. The loop form of receiver was not sensi- tive to such a disturbance and it‘is curious to note that it is becoming popular at this late date. In reality it rollects much less energy than the aerials or a long grounded wire, but it so lmppt-ns that it does away with a uuuibrr of tlrfects inherent to tlu- present wireless devices. ln demonstrat- ing my invention before audiences, the vis- itors were requested to ask any questions, however involved, and th_e automaton

S06 ELECTRICAL EXPERIMENTER October. |919 Qli"IWEl5?/lll"ll!'41LMl;wL!£L!A4L\/4|-\' MMMMMM M , Us24l\'I~lL§AJMLtulbswhsatl>sQJL;QJL\'4JMJL§’A¥1L§*41L5'!:uw1LisattvgltgvgttgwuqltgrgLx'/utr; \v/H'/113'/:1\"1‘\'l‘! Ei it ° <5 ~ ~ < [email protected] H9115 te at ` ‘- it lg . I By Nikola Tesla ,Q 5| E gé e; \‘ 5 VI. THE ART OF TELAUTOMATICS E nj 5' How Tula’| Mind Reeuperntos. O subject to which I have ever devoted myself has called for such concentration of mind and strained to so dangerous a degree the finest fihcrs of my brain as the systetn of which the Magnifying Trans- mitter is the foundation. I put all tl\e intensity and vigor of youth in the development of the rotating field discoveries, but those em-ly liilmrs wvrt- nt :i tliflt-ri-ut flint-nctrr. Altlmugli strenuous in the cxlrenie, tlwy did not iuvnlvt- tlnu ltvt-n and exhausting tliscertnnent which hail to be exercised in attacking the many puzzling problems of the wireless. Despite my rare physical endurance at that period the abused nerves finally rc- belled and I suf- fered a complete collapse, just as the consummation of the long and diffi- cult task was almost in sight. Without doubt I would have paid a greater pen- alty later, and very likely my career the world. N tluls article, Dr. Tesla dwellt an the future possibilities o/ his rnagni/ying trans- mitter, especially in connection with the art of Telautomatics, whtbh was fist conceived by him and doubtless constitutes one of his most brilliant gi/ts to Tesla was the hrst to build and success/ully operate Automate in the form o/ reliable action despite of all attempts to inter/ere. Hut this was only the first step in the evolution ol his invention. What he wanted, was to produce machines capable ol acting as though possessed of intelli- gence. lt will be readily perceived that if Dr. Tesla has practically realized his conception, the world will witness a revolution in every feld of endeavor. In par- ticular will hilt inventions agect the art al warfare and the peace of the world. Dr. Tesla dwells eloquently on a number of topics agitating the public mind and tink article o his is perhaps the most brilliant and absorbing he has written. scarcely any effort. In this connection I will tell of an extraordi- nary cxperienee which may be of interest to students of psychology, I had produced a striking phenomenon with my grounded trans- mitter and was cndeavoring to ascertain its true significance in relation to the currents propagated through the earth. It seemed a hopeless undertaking, and for more than a year I worked unre- mittingly, lint in vain. This profound study so entirely absorbed ine that l |>t‘c:nne lurgeliul of everything else, even nl' my under- ntinetl health. At last, as I was at the point of breaking down, nature applied the preservative inducing lethal sleep, Regaining my senses, I real- ized with consterna- tion that 1 was un- able to visualize scenes from my life except those of in- ones that had en- conscious- n e s s . Curiously enough, these ap- peared before my vision with startling distinctness and af~ boats steered and otherwise controlled by tuned wireless circuits and agents ensuring , / would have been prematurely termi- nated, had not providence equipt me with a safety device, which has seemed to improve with advancing years and nnfailingly comes into play when my forces are at an end. So long as it operates I am safe front danger, due to overwork, which threatens other inventors and, incidentally, I need no vacations which are indis- pensable to nu»sl'pt~¢»|»lt-, When I :nn all lull used up I sintnly do as the darl-ties, who "naturally fall asleep while white lulks worry.” To venture a theory out of my sphere-the body prob- ably accumulates little hy little a definite quantity of some toxic agent and I sink into a nearly lethargic state which lasts half an hour to the minute. Upon awakening I have the sensation as fordcd me welcome relief. Night after night, when retiring, I would think of them and more and more of my previous existence was revealed. The image of my mother was always the principal Figure in the spectacle that slowly un- folded, and a consuming desire to see her again gradually took possession of me. This feeling grew so strong that I resolved to tlrnp nll work :nnl satisfy my longing. Ilut I funntl it too hard to break away from the laboratory. :intl scvvrnl nmnlhs elapsed during which I had succeeded in reviving all the impressions of my past life up to the spring of 1892. In the next picture that came out of the mist of oblivion, I saw myself at the Hott-I dc Ia I'ai.\' in Paris just coming to from one of my peculiar sleeping fancy, the very first, though the events ix ago, and if I at- tempt to continue nmediately preceding had occurred very long spells, which had been caused by prolonged e xertion of the brain. Imagine the pain and distress I felt the interrupted train _‘_ ` wh e n it flashed of thought I feel a ’ \1D°\\ my mind \l`\3f veritable mental , 3 d15l7H¢Ch WHS nausea. Involuntar- *". ` _ ;-;j~?2.'v " _ ` L handed to me at ily I then tttrn to " “p >¢‘W"i `» _ fha* VCYY m0mCf\\ other work and am u----s - . _ ___ ` \\ bearing the sad surprised at the 1-V, l.1"»,Q:§_.__J_.,_,f~`~:""“1'f.33 ' ' ' `v ' _, I1 ‘C w s th at m y freshness of the ff; ; t§3}fi}3;.é§;§%,§¢,:_;¢§lll~1i»i¢!'u;\-..4.¢_!$1_ /" _ _ H _ f mother was dying; mind and ease with "j.‘.,;!f£ ff"'=-.-.. if.; ' ‘?'*’ '~g "1 Q * -f I remembered how which I overcome " 'Y """? " ‘ `~ " L . I made the long if ~ ,i__; . " __ , ~- -km --»'~ __ ~._s. _ _ °b5'a°l°5 that had `i;\&~" '~`,¢;l._-~;~.,t.` _ ` ""i"`°"" -;. 7)\ _‘bl l°‘“'"°Y home "ml" bafiied me before. I* > _ “Mg ` ‘_ gl out an l1our of rest After w eek s or piétvsm at? ‘lit-»§.»<:~ j!,;,N3< , »a ;<' ”“-15-~,»_~»'-e >'~§\"'%¢;:.»-2i¥'»12:";` and how she passed . »~.=<>;. r§ ° time -- t asw J' i ~ . » months my passion s '_ at - -5 t~ ‘ » 5. rl ' " > . .r:'¢'¢>¢‘ l-V » '~?~i~'/iff £; ' <" away after weeks . 3’I.fE<»:. _'Nl . ve tt. .,.;i‘;4. tl “` ‘&fl*~*i¥»i,41§§ia `- . . for the temporarily ff¢§»11;~;f Q. H1 gr| ,`_T>gf‘fj;2rlf-Q :1li'i`____;,g‘§'f'| ¢if” ,,_1 , - 'FL V_ _ W of agony! It was abandoned invention ~ V, ;;i‘€,',f1`;{"` " ,""F'f“'gQ"l"';i77f'}il1°`1I;§f§5};§f‘I"t_'“f)l»_i ’{;i;\.Q:,§¢_»;fffl' _ ‘ _ fi; especially remark- returns and I in- , ' I ‘t-5' 3 it.; ,Qi/'iIi'fTiiff`.‘;f5f"I{."fl u, ‘, _ ..i’1i;§“f" ._ t '4fl~)»l?" “l>'° Um! flurimz all varialvly find an- "K, _ _ 'Q,___ "`."'“`,"’~;_;f__;_,_§}_;_____?f ..}:; `= X "' -in-»». -= , .v'»,&-xtMUf this period of par- swers tn all the vex- ing questions with Hlm In 1898. Controlled By One of the Telautomatlc Boats (Submersible) Constructed By Tesla and Exhibited By tially obliterateu wlreluu Wlthout Aerials. memory I was fully

ELECTRICAL EXPERIMENTER October, |919 3' Inventions By Nikola Tesla ((fm|tir|tn'd f method or device. It was achieved simply by discarding thc enormous structures, which are bad enough for transmission but wholly unsuitable for reception, and adopt- ing a more appropriate type of receiver. As 1 pointed out in a previous article, to dispose of this dilhculty for good, a radical change must be made in the system, and the sooner this is dune the better. Rndlu Government Control Nut Wanted. It would be calamitous, indeed, if at this time when tl\c art is in its infancy and the vast majority, not excepting even experts, have t\o conception of its ultimate possi- bilities, a measure would be rushed through the legislature making it a govern- ment monopoly. This was proposed a few wet-ks ago by Secretary Dzuiiels, and no doubt that distinguished otlicial has made his appeal to tl\e Senate and llouse of Rep- resentatives with sincere conviction. But universal evidence tmmistakably shows that thc best results are always obtained in healthful commercial competition. There are, however, exceptional reasons why wire- less should be given the fullest freedom of development, In the first place it offers pros- pects ilmneasurably greater and more vital to betterment of htunan life tl\an any other invention or discovery in the history of man. Then again, it must be understood that this wonderful art has been, in its en- tirety, evolved here and can be called "American" with more right and propriety than the telephone, the incandescent lamp or the aeroplane. Euterprising press agents and stock jobbers have been so successful i\\ spreading misinformation that even so excellent a periodical as the Scientific Auwriruu accords the chief credit to a foreign country. The Germans, of course, gave us the Hertz-waves and the Russian, English, French and Italian experts were quick in using them for signaling purposes. It was an obvious application of the ne\v agent and accomplished with the old classi- cal and unimpro\'ed induction coil-scarcely anything more than another kind of heli- nyg|'u|»l|y. '|`ln: t:uliu4 of tran~nii~

October. l 9 l 9 ELECTRICAL EXPERIMENTER By Nikola Tezla (Conhnucd from page 601) My Inventions trary, in the opinion of a number of com~ petent men, may bring about results just the opposite. It is particularly regrettable that a punitive policy was adopted in fram- ing the terms of pence, because a few years hence it will be possible for nations to fight without armies, ships or guns, by weapons far more terrible, to the de- structive action and range of which there is virtually no limit. Any city, at zt distance, whatsoever, from the enemy, can be destroyed by him and no power on earth can stop him from doing so. If we want to avert an impending calamity and a state of things which may transform this globe into an inferno, we should push the devel- opment of Hying machines and wireless transmission of energy without an in- stant's delay and with all the power and resources of the nation.

ELECTRICAL EXPERIMENTER October, I9 I9 My llmmvemitions By Nikola 'l1`eslat (Cari/iulird from page 552) The Mechnnlstic Theory ol Llle. ln one ul' tht-su Iiiograpliit-:il ski-tclws, published in the Iit.ncrint:.\|, Iixl‘i<1Rm|cN'ti:R, I have d\velt o|\ the circumstances of my early life and toid of an allliction which compelled me to unremitting exercise of imagination and self-observation. This mental activity, at hrst involuntary under the pressure of illness and suffering, rad- ually became second nature a|\d leg me finally to recognize that I was but an auto- maton devoid of free will in thought and action and merely responsive to tl\e forces of thc euviro|nnent_ Our bodies are of such complexity of structure, the motions we pcrlorm are so numerous and involved. and tl\e external impressions on our sense organs to such a degree delicate and elu- sive that it is hard for the average person to in-not |hi< (nrt. /\nrl yet nothing is more convincing to the trained investigator than the mechanistic theory of life which had been, in a measure, understood and propoundcd by Descartes three hundred years ago, But in bis time many important functions of our organism were unknown and, especially with respect to the nature of light and the construction and operation of the cye, philosophers were in the dark. In recent years the progress of scientific research in these fields has been such as to It-ave no room for a doubt in regard to this view on which many works have been published. One of its ablest and most elo- quent exponents is, perhaps, Felix Le Dau- tcc, formerly assistant of Pastepr. Prof, jacques Loeb has performed remarkable experiments in heliotropism, clearly estab- lishing the controlling power of light in lower forms of organisms, and his latest book, “Forced Movements," is revclatory. But while men of science accept this theory simply as any.other that is recognized, to me it is a truth which I hourly demonstrate by every act and thought of mine. The consciousness of the external impression prompting me to any kind of exertion, physical or mental. is ever present in my mind. Only on very rare occasions. when I was in a state nf exceptional concentra- tion_ have I found tlillicnlty i|\ locating the nriginztl impulses. Lack of Observation n Form of Ignorance. 'l`he by lar greater number of hu- man beings are never aware of what is passing around and within them. and mil- lions fall victims of disease and die prema- turely just on this account. The common- est, every-day occurrences appear to them mysterious and inexplicable. One may feel a sudden wave of sadness and r;\ke'his brain for an explanation when he might have noticed that it was caused by a cloud cutting off the rays of the sun. He may see tlze image of a friend dear to l\i|n under conditions \vhich he construes as very pc- culiar, \vhen only shortly before he has passed him in the street or seen his photo- graph someirbcre. \Vhen he loses a collar button l\e fusses and swears for an hour, liciug unable to visualize his previous ac- tions aud locate the object directly. Defi- cient observation is merely a form of ig- norance and responsible for the many mor- bid notions and foolish ideas prevailing. There is not more than one out of every ten persons who does not believe in telepa- thy and other psychic manifestations. spir- itualism and convnunion witll thc dead, and who wnuhl refuse ln listen to willing or unwilling deceivers. just to illustrate how deeply rooted this tendency has become even among the clear-headed American population, I may mention a comical inci- dent. Plychie Phenomenl In the Fllvverns Shortly before the war, hibition of my turbines in this city elicit- ed widespread comment in the technical papers, I anticipated that there would be a scralnble among manufacturers to get lmld of the invention, and I had particular de- signs on that man from Detroit who has an uncanny faculty for accumulating millions. So confident was I that he would turn up some day, that I declared this as certain to my secretary and assistants. Sure enough, one fine morning a body of engineers from the Ford Motor Company presented themselves \vith the request of discussing with lne an important project. "Didn’t I tell you ?" I remarked triumphant- ly to my employees. and one of them said, “You are amazing, Mr. Tesla; every- thing comes ont exactly as you predict." As soon as these hartl-lieaded men were seated I, of course, immediately began to extol the wonderful features of my tur- bine, when the spokesmen interrupted me and said, "We know all about ‘this. but we are on a special errand. We have formed a psychological society for the investigation of psychic phenomena and we \vant you to join us in this undertaking." I suppose those engineers never knew how near they came to being tired out of my office. Manufacture ol when the ex- cuntuung sptnumr. Ever since I was told by some of the greatest men of the time, leaders in science whose names are immortal, that I am pos- sesst of an unusual mind, I bent all my thinking faculties on the solution of great problems regardless of sacrihcc. For many years I endeavored to solve the enigma of death, and watched eagerly for every kind of spiritual indication But only once in the course of my existence have I had an experience which momentarily impressed me as supernatural. It was at the time of my mother's death. I had become com- pletely exhausted by pain and long vigi- lance, and one night was carried to a building about two blocks from our home. As I lay helpless there, I thought that il n\y mother died while I was away lrnnt her bedside she would surcl give me n sign. 'I`\\'o or three months beflore I was in Lon- don in company with my late friend, Sir William Crookes, when spiritualism was discussed, and I was under the full swav of these thoughts. I might not have paid attention to other men, but was susceptible to his arguments as it was his epochal wqrl: on radiant matter, which I had read as a student, that made me embrace the electric- al career. Ireflected that the conditions for a look into the beyond were most favor- able, for my mother was a \von\an of genius and particularly cxcelling in the powers of intuition. During the whole night every fiber in my brain was strained in expectancy, but nothing happened until early in the morning, \vhen I fell in a sleep, or perhaps a swoon, and saw a cloud carry- ing angelic figures of marvelous beauty. one of whom gazed upon me lovingly and gradually assumed the features of my mother. The appearance slowly floated across the room and vanished, and I was awakened by an indescribably sweet song of many voices. In that instant a certitudc, which no words can express, came upon me that my mother had just died. And that was true. I was unable to understand the tremendous weight of tl\e painful knowledge I received in arlvamze, and wrote a letter to Sir William Crookes while still under the domination of these impressions and in poor bodily health. VI/hen I re- covered I sought for a long time the ex- (Cavtlinurd nn page 556)

ELECTRICAL EXPERIMENTER October, l9l9 ByN|l¢u1u Tezlu (Continued from page 554) My Inyenttiouns ternal caust:'of this strange manifestation and, to my great relief, I succeeded after many months of fruitless cflort. 1 had secu the painting of a celebrated artist, repre- senting allegorically one of the seasons in the form of a cloud with a group of angels which seemed to actuall f float in the air, and this had struck me forcefully. It was exactly the same that appeared in my dream, with the exception of my mother's likeness. The music came from the choir in the clntrch nearby at thc early mass of Easter morning, explaining everything satisfactorily in conformity \vith scientific facts. This occurred long ago, and I have never had the faintest reason since to change my views on psychical and spiritual phenomena. for which there is absolutely no founda- tion. The belief in these is the natural out- gruwtli of intellectual dcvchvpincut. Rc- ligious dogmas are no longer accepted in their orthodox meaning, but every indi- vidual clings to faith in a supreme power of some kind. We all must have an ideal to govern our conduct and insure content- ment, but it is immaterial whether it be one of creed, art, science or anythin else, so long as it fulfills the function otga dema- tcrializing force. It is essential to the peaceful existence of humanity as a whole that one common conception should prevail. Tul|’| Antuundlng Dtuenvery. While I have failed to obtain any evi- dence in support of the contentions of psy- chologists and spiritualists, I have proved to my complete satisfaction the automatism of life, not only through continuous obser- vations of -individual actions, but even ntore conclusively through certain general- izations. These antounl: to a. discovery n'hich I consider of the greatest moment to human society, and on which I shall briefly dwell. I got the first inkling of this astounding truth when I was still a very young man, but for man years I in- terpreted what I noted simpliy as coinci- dences. Namely, whenever either' myself or a person to whom I was attached, or a cause to which 1 was devoted, was hurt hy others in a particular way, which might he hcst popular y characterized as the most n|\fair imaginable, I experienced a singular and nndehnable pain which, for want oi a better term, I have qualified as "cosmic," and shortly thereafter, and invariably, those who had inflicted it came to grief. After many such cases I confided tlns to a num- ber of friends, who had the opportunity to convince themselves of the truth of the theory which I have gradually formulated and which may be stated in the following few words: Our bodies are of similar construction and exposed to the same external intiu- tnces. This results in likeness of response and concordance of the general activities on which all our social and other rules and laws are based. \Ve are automata entirely controlled by the forces of the medium. being tossed about like corks on the surface of the water, but ntistaking' the resultant of the impulses from the outside for free will. The movements and other actions we perform are altvays life preservative and tho seemingly quite independent from one another, we are connected by invisible links. So long as the organism is in per- fect order it responds accurately to the agents that prompt it, but the moment that there is some tlcraitgeinent in any individ- ual, his self-preservative pmver is impaired. Everybody understands, of course, tl\at if one becomes deaf, has his eyesight weak- ened, or his limbs injured, the chances for his continued existence are lessened. But (Confirmed mi page 600)

October, I9 l 9 ELECTRICAL EXPERIMENTER would answer them by signs. This was considered magic at that time hut was ex- tremely simple, for it was myself who gave the replies by rncans of the device. At the same period another largertetauto- matic boat was constructed, a photograph of which is shown in this number of the ELECTRICAL Exriztumcrrrcn. It was con- trolled by loops, having scveral turns placed in the hull, which was made en- tirely water-tight and capable of submerg- ence. The apparatus was similar to that used in the first with the exception of cer- tain special features I introduced as, for example, incandescent lamps which af- forded a visible evidence of the proper functioning of the machine. Telautomatlca of the Future. These automata, controlled within the range of vision of the operator, were, how- ever, the first and rather crude steps in the evolution of the Art of Telautomatics as I had conceived it. The next logical improvement was its application to auto- matic mechanisms beyond the limits of vision and at great distance from the cen- ter oi control, and I have ever since advo- cated their employment as instruments of warfare in preference to guns. The im- portance of this now seems to be recog- nized, if I am to judge from casual :tn- nouncenicnts ll\r\| tlw pri-as of aclticvr- ments which are said tn In- exlrzuwclinury but contain nn merit of novelty, whatever. ln an imperfect manner it is practicable, with the existing wireless plants, to launch an aeroplane, have it follow a certain ap- proximate course, and perform some oper- ation at a distance of many hundreds of miles. A machine of this kind can also be mechanically controlled in several ways and I have no doubt that it may prove of some usefulness in war. But there are, to my best knowledge, no instruntentalities in existence today with which such an object could be accomplished in a precise manner. I have devoted years of study to this mat- ter and have evolved means, making such and greater wonders easily realizable. As stated on a previous occasion, when I was a student atvcollegc I conceived a flying machine quite unlike the present ones. The underlying principle was sound but could not be carried into practice for want of a prime-mover of sufficiently great activity. In recent years I have successfully solved this problem and aln now planning aerial machines devoid of sustaining planes, ail- erons, propellers and other external attach~ tnents, which will he capable ot' immense speeds and are ver likely to furnish pow- erful argumcnts 2/or peace in the near future. Such a ntachine, sustained and pro- pelled entirely by reaction, is shown o|\ one of the pa cs and is supposed to be con- trolled eitier mechanically or by wireless energy. By installing proper plants it will be practicable to project a missile of this kind into the air and drop it almost on the very spot designated, which may be thou- sands of miles away. But we are not going to stop at this. Tclautonlata will be ulti- mately produced, capable of acting as if possesst of their own intelligence, and their advent will create a revolution. As early as 1898 I proposed to representatives of a large manufacturing concern the con~ struction and public exhibition of an auto- mobile carriage which, left to itself, would perform a great variety of operations in- volving something akin to judgment. But my proposal was dcenn-sl chime-rical at that time and nothing cnnie from it. At present many of the ablest minds are trying to devise expedients for preventing a repetition of the awful conflict which is only theoretically ended and the duration and main issues of which I have correctly predicted in an article printed in the Sun of December 20, l9l4. The proposed League is not a remedy but, on the con- (Contiiiurrl on page 603)

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