Tesla's Lightning To Free Man From Disease

Sunday, March 19, 1899
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Astounding Possibilities of Electricity in FIFTH SECT ION. T ESLA’S LIGHTN ING T0 NEW YORK HERALD, SUNDAY, MARCH 19, 1899. FREE MAN FROM DISEASE. /L ,~ ‘ f f »"' f ° ' ,ld / f/f’/%W”;///'7/Wg”/ f ' 'I//'f'f' " I ' 7 f"/1' f' V’ A'//tif, In I /“fft9'/WG'/fel? 'WW /Cf //,tit/M/‘7*¢ ;»i%¢%%A7r ff '» .Z 'J-‘ f'1y»»y/t// % 'f / -' l 7 I ‘ :iii V7 W'/'ff/4/'//1' 1/ff £1//"/I »‘ -4. l » * \ QW?/?% '_ . m x:-.H \ ‘ll ‘Ui W #f-2,$!,ff"1¢Zf/ \\» -3 ‘* ` ` fat; fl; el. »,; -/ff I- ' I Q I all; n §a,»<1§\" = e v /,».@;'~ lx. N e ‘ '1 ff# Ll H, ' f, \‘ »:_ \"“ _ Z\\\ fir ` ,;»~.T\‘ -' ‘ A.. V »"=1;?f§i}fZ,;.;"='.’;' Vt'A' f 'lf/UT W5 f ' W / WZ/ r \ 3 4 if V / .I 5 |‘ _ ' V 3 ’ \I;]f 1;-J V; ‘r/ \ , ` ` _ A,l~_§3'~:_\ _ ff s #9 A’ ’ / I7 2' l I few ~ '_ *_ 7-*L 'l 4~ 1 ‘_ ' 9" _ -1-"1-1 Q' '~ 1~"; ~ ` 4 .'4”W - 4° f- lf ~’l ~- ; <;.~» i 7. 1'/ f J -I/ '/V V: fy I Y ,Q f "T 1 _ it" "4-Q' - "»" ~' -`-= f `~'° » ` "" 1/ TESLA BESIDE HIS OSCILLATOB AND CONDENSEB. 11 ' i>__ Y _;/;34Q'» ( , _~ / FW With his osclllstornnd condenser Tesla says he sends waves of elec- \]_ 4' gfmtry through space with a force that makes dynamite a chlld'a fny _by 'I/I V I li l/ / _ /-.AI comgzrtihzndread thunderbolts that devastate forests and shatter the moun- I . ff f’ ff' Q ' 117 ~~ . ¥/ ,lljqlt taln's crest he says:- . A , _,_’/H-7 /, -»‘ *iii “I believe that often not more than three horse power of energy le ln I /' , /f 1/ / .7 J, , G V/ ` V; L_ " the llghtnlng stroke that rends the oak or splits down ellis of granite. 4; / /I /'H 1/ , fl fy# , // X "It ls the velocity of explosion that gives the electric current its awful , /' j}"| - ,ff " _' If ' ' f If / / / °"‘-"ij Y /~, T. ,lf I 27 //` , / ’ M . ,t.,i‘§,§1§l‘l?$f’§,f§',12`}iS..§1'i3‘1‘L`I.§§.°li§§TZf§’,ll`.l‘,,Z?n§°1T, 12.15" . _ P5 . _ , _ H/_ | +40-+o¢o++»+ currents in the tlssue, duced. and such §zh pressure would be more than sufhclent to generate destructive "Thls appeared all the more certsln as Medicine and Surgery---Current That Melts Iron Harmiess in the Human System. O\V to use tremendous electrical forces. freelnz :S from mlcrobes and af-use." ls the lawn' marvvl of rcltnce. Teeia has mndc- .some astarnshing dt5CO\'er1(*s, Hr ls able tn shoot mlll- Sons and tvrns of miltlons of volts of reztl thunder stonn lltrhtnlng through g msn. that wnl melt glass and fuse metals, and yet gtve hem na Injury or pain. llure wonderful stlll ls thi( all this mighty farce lhlch l hum:-rl bl-ln! can \\'llhst.\nd will destroy rnlcroblt- llfe and disease germs vithln. snaklng ones system sg t-lt-an and sweet u atmosphere starr s thunder storm. In view of these facts elt~ctro»rn1.-dical lcientlsu have shown great interest in Tra- la's experiments srlzh hls mnchlnes fnr gen- fratlng electrklty thaf weld: lron, tears steel bus to fragments, and yet plays harmlessly tnrongn tm human system. treating nt' health and life for the mlcmbe poisoned Vit:- ill. \ s./ 1 _C Q if :;:i ` 7 /' \_‘I ,/ !;;;v~ ~ 1” (t 'run Raahlng ills sm-mains-. . A remarkable feature of lt sll ls that Tesla has no patents to sell for manu(acturlnZ medlclnnl lightning, and he has no ngentl nelllng his all henllng volts to the Public. Hs ls worltlng on s far loftlrr Plane of lchlevemrnt. He ls v\lSY\|Y\K KU ¢¢mPl9U0“ ms startllng |n»-cnusns mr vrovelllnx and steering torpedo boats. wnr ships or any other kind of craft at s lllstance from lnnd, wlth no person onboard nor any connection by wlre. Hg ls H150 perfecting hls murhlnc for trann- ,,,m|,,g pow., mm xntgnm mu! to mm or any tuner part of um v.-¢.r:.1 without a wlrr. by menns of hls rlcctrn-ntxtomntlc ln- slruments-#csch ln perfect sympathy and unl- son wlth the other. so that electric currents leap arross the intervening space ofnne or many xnnusnnds nf mllvs. Terla's marvellous problems have now been solved, It is said, and he has only to perfect the neccssnry nppllnncrs to present them to the world ln rmvuenl wnrklnx form. ' 'ro :nn me A double :hm nr Skilled mf-n are now cngnzvd .md tho nlnclxlnrs nrt- be ln: pushed wlth unconsing rspltllty to com- pit-tlon. Among the many ulrscoverll-s mafle by Tcslu none ls mcrc lmprvs:41\~c than tht- fact that wlth s small voiuzzeu of electrlclty he se- cures tremendous results. How ls lt done? By the velocity ol the elrctrlral explnelona ln hls marvellous mschlnt- known as the cun- denser. What slant can \!rl\'~¢ A hard \\':\\ cnndlt- Into wood wlth blows from n hammer? But a boy can shoot n solt :allow dlp through an oskplank with a shotgun. The powder gives the candle \-»-Iuclty. , A Irontler-tumstrr can split A board wlth hls ox whlb. which his child plays wlth and flnda harmless. Sand hlavrn from at pow-=rf0l alr blast machlne cuts glass and slcvl hke gutter. Bl; steel rslls nm cut wlth n sqft Iron l§C_ \\'lth the water that falls ln gentle dew on the rose garden. the hydrlwllq miner lr; Call- fnrnla beats down hills and mounmlns, be- cause ot the fur~t‘¢-veluclty-behind -the wa- ter. Wlth hls oscltlator and condenser. Tesla lays he sends waves of electrlclty thrnugh space wltn s form that makes dynumltc n t~hnd's my by gomn~\r!=\~r\~ _ A Of the dread thunrlerhnlls that =le\~sst.\te forssu and shatter the moun::|ln's crest he saysz- 0 _ "I believe that often not more than three nurse power of rnerxy ls ln the llghtnlug stroke that rendu the ask or splits dosrn cliffs of granite. It is the \-eloclty of explnslon that [tx-ea the eltctrtc current Its swtul force. “lf ceelllstor sets up a vlbmtfon of elec- trlelt; that ls ft-tt ln every part af the worldt and yet lts terrlhc force ls scarcely Dertepttble to man.” Tesla has been crlticlsed severely by un- thlnling selendsllt Pl his lnvrntlon of the 'iuuq magsetlc fle\d~~n\otor" has made those mtghty machines at Nlskara I-‘alla ps# lblv. The! light the Elly of Buffalo, twenty :nun utah and ras tu street can and the tnachlnery of s thousand fhctorles. '1'esls's name In~b|g letten at hranxe can nn the plates nf thus world tamed machlnes ls a dt- tlng monument to hls renlus. Hls sehlevement ln obtslnlnx Instantaneous tures the globe. omnipotent and everywhere presept. borders on the miracu- lous-the tnnnltl. Telss makes the unseen s vlslble. terrible msnlfestatlan ln nature. He generates cur- rents that vfould_npt dlsturb a Hy on your sleepin: babe, yet they are as devsstatln! ls s cyclone He xlves the fslntesf whis- Dcrlnz current l'orcv~a force that dlslnte- zmtes armur Dlate as qufckly as yvu mel* sugar wlth vrster. In s way. he brlngs certainty out ot chaos. He makes suhst.1nce from "ncthlng." That whlch you can neither see, "taste, hehr nor smell, ne lashes into s storm of fury. I-nfl You hear thls "nothlnz" roar and thunder llke Nlalira. It suggests to the contemplatlve mlnd that period when thls :rent rolllng globe of num was "without form and»\'old." `lt suggests the phenomena of the original creation of matter msde visible to man-the power of maltlnz substance out of thought. ot thinkin: "nothlnz" lntu substance_ and perhaps the llfe prlnclple Itself. In this 'll- rectlon, toward this great end, sclence seems certa.Inly drlftlng. In one sense ll. may be sald that the only sure tnlng today, me only thing tml nn be, predicted wlth unfalllnx nccuracv. ll that v\-meh no man has Bren wlth hlr naked eye nor touched. nor heard, nor tasted wlth his lips.-the sturuvhlrh no one has beheld. but wmrh science has slready Cetalvxued IM which wlll appear next year or next century In the hour and rnlnute. \¢\'h0 :lures stake ~hls llfe on the sure ar- rlval of to-morrow's nvs o`ClnCk express at that hour? Yet all the world knows that lf>~ morrow'n evllpse wlll arrlve on tlme to the srcond. wat-kung 'rmurq lnlhslte r»°».tm||¢|¢-.. ]¢ qs Along than omnipotent, infallible llnes otclcnce tlmt Tesla ls apparently working. .‘0w In Rh lm:-lt to hls views on the use of ¢-lr-<-zrlcm’ fur disease. Tr-sln me :Mn nernre the night-st mf-n\lnn hotly uf us uma ln the country wxm hls dls- ;-nyqry. llls address to the l-Ilc-ctro-Tl\cru- |.<~m|¢~ Association regnrdlng the use of elw-. trlgny hy p)\yslclu.ns In heallml wnuntls and ¢-nrlng tllsennc ls soon to be Published by the vuvlely. 1" ht, 4-M-Nutty prepared Paper he malmu these lntcrvstlng stntemr-nts:-"The body nf s pq;-pon nwy be sunt;-emi s-uncut danger \/> ,y,.ctr|r|\l pressures vastly ln excess of any pmttuctnlc by ordlnnry apparatus, for they may amount to sevfiml mllllon \'olt_s_ as hu own ln serum vmvl Ct'- "Y?§,§`,'l, wt... . conducting body ls mem- nax to so muh s at-nee small ;»;\rt1c1.»s_ whivh mu M ,.¢|,,.,|n¢ tlrmly tn ns surface, are mm an vm, vlqlcnre and thrown to dle- gnm-vn whlvh can only he conje\:tun>t\, --Th, C,,|,||m,0nslmnrnvement ofthe lnslru. mn", ,nm me ,gully of the phenomenon may ghnfgly lewl to the ntabllshmnnt of |\ novel mmie of hyltlrnlc treatment which would p~r~ mn fm lnstnntaneous cleanlng of the sltln of s person. llvnply by connectlns the mms ua. ur pcnlhly, by merely plactrut the person In the vtclnlty of. a source at Intense electrical usclllntlons. thl.s having the effect of throw- tng grr, In s twtnkls of the eye. dust nr Dar- tlcles of any extraneous matter sdherlnl to the t>ody»" Of hls exn -rlments Tesla says;- "Bcon my rttorts were centred uporrprodue- tn| ln a smnll space the most Intense Induc- “ve M-(lan, und hy gradual lmprovement in nm gppurstlls I obtslned results of a survrfs- aracter. lP5|;£. |“,|||\¢¢_ when the end'of at heavy her of [mn was thrurt wlthln I loop powerfully gm-fgised, I [ew moments were auplclent to false the bar to :| hlxh temherature. “-5-4"-| nl HI: Electricity. ..B`.,,\ hmvy lumps ct other metals were henna .5 nvmly ss though they were placed ln a. furnlC'~‘- ~'When A rontlnuous band formed of s sheet ng up was thrust lnto the loop the metal was fund tnptantw, the action belng comparable to U, ¢xp\os\on_ and an wander; for the Me- |_|°n||‘ losses accumulated ln lt at .the rate of poaslbli tan horse PGY". .-M. nl poorlyreonductlng material be-_ hsved~'m\ls1‘V. ll“~§¥h a. highly exhallsb ,4 bun, wu pushed tn a the loop the :lass ,lu hum; 1, ,. (ew seconds nearly tn tie _nntnt of roelttnz. --Whgn 1 lint observed these astonlsht-ng sctlona I was Interested to study. thelr effect( upon tlvlng tlxsue; "As may be assumed. I proceeded wlth all the necessary osntlon. and well I might, for I had the _evidence that ln a turn of only a few lnchel ln diameter-an electromotfve forte of more than ten thouednd volts was pro- bodles of comparatively poor conductlvlty were rapidly heated and even partially de- strayed. "One may Imagine my astonishment when I found that I could thrust my hand or any other part of the body wlthln the loop and hold it there with impunity. “On more than one occasion. lmpelled by a desire to make some novel and useful obser- vation. I have willingly or unconsclously per~ formed an experiment connected wlth some! rlslt. thls being scarcely avoldanle ln labor- atory experience. - "Now, why Ls lt that ln a space ln whlch such violent turmoll ls going on llvlhg tissue remctlns unlnjuredl "One mizht say the currents cannot Hass because of the great self-lnductlon offered by the large cunductlng masr But this lt can- not be, beeause n mass of metal offers a stlll hlgher self-lnductlon and ls heated just the same. "One might argue Lhe tissues offer too greet a resistance. But thls, sgaln, cannot be the reason. for all evldence shows that the tissues conduct'well enough. nnd besides. bodies of approximately the same reslstsnce are raised to s hlgn temperature. "One might atttibute thespparent ha.x1nleaa~ ness`nf the osctllatlons to the high speclflc heat of the tissue, but even a rough qusntl- tatlve estimate from experiments wlth other bodles shows that this vlew ls untensble. Human Tissues Are "Condenser»." “The only plausible explanation _I have so [lr found ls that the tlssues are coudensers. Thls only can account for the absence of ln- jurlous action. "But lt ls remsrluble that, as soon ss s heterogeneous clrcult ls eonstltuted. as by taltlng ln the hands s bar of metal and form- lng s closed loop ln this manner, the passage of the currents through the arms ls felt, and other physiological effects are distinctly noted. "The strongest sctlon ts, of course, secured when the excltlng loop makes only one turn, unless the connections take up a considerable portion uf thc total length of the clrcult, ln which case the experimenter ehuuld settle upon the leét number of turns hy carefully estlmntlng what he loses by Increasing the number of turns. and what he galns by utllls- Ing thus a greater proportion of the total length of the clrcult. "lt should be borne ln mind that when the cxoltlng coll has a consldcrnblc number of turns and ls of some length, the effects of elt-ctroskntlc lnductlon may_preponderste, as there may exist s very great difference ot po- trntlal-a hundred thousand volts or more between the first and last turn. However, these lntter effects are always present even when a slnltle turn ls employed. "When s person ls placed wlthln such s loop any pieces of metal, though of small bulk. are ps-rceptlhly warmed. Wlthout doubt they would be also heated-particularly If they were of lron-when Imbedded ln llvlng tlssue. and this suggests the posslblllty of surgical treatment by thls method. 'rn stu-une wanna. Possible. "lt mlght be possible to sterlllse wounds, cr to locate, or even tc extract metallic oblccts. or to perform other nperstlons of thls klnd wlthln theysphere of the lurgeon's duties ln thls novel manner. "Most of the results enumerated, and many others stlll more remarkable. are rnsde pos. sible only by utlllslng the discharges of a condenser. "It ls probable that but s very few-evan among those who are working tn these Iden- tlcal llelde-fully appreciate what s wonder- ful Instrument such s condenser ls In reality, Let me convey nn ldea to this effect. "One may take s condenser. small bnouxh to so ln one‘s vest pocket, and by skilfully using ll he may crests an electrlrsl pressure vastly In excsnea hundred th-an greater, If necessary-than any produclhlg by the largest ststlc machlne ever constructed. "Or he may take the same' condenser, and, using It ln a dlflerent way. he may obtain from It currents against which those of the most powerful welding machlne are utterly lnslgdlhcant. “0r. lllln.. he may avall_ btmselt of tha BDO marvellous tnstrument, and, hy sud- denly dlecharilng its stored electricity” he may create such a terrific commotion ln tha space that, though silent and lnvtsfbls, It can bs detected; as actually desnonltnt at dll- tances much lreater than those st w the sound of the lsrzest (tm la perceptlblsg dll- tsnoegwhleh are measured in tem. perhaps hundreds,-and eyemthuuaands. of mlles. *Thane who lX\h\\I!d wlth popu|a.r'no- tlona as to the pressures of statle machines sud currents obtalnable with n commercial tranlfarmcr will be astonished at this stale ment--yet the truth of lt ls easy to lee. llll lsrllol 0| l¢¢r|l¢ ll¢¢|!l$I YIPQQ. ‘1u».‘h :Bulb an obtainable. and easily. be- cause the condenser can discharge the stored energy tn sn lnconcetvabty abort tlme. Noth- lns' like this property ls known ln‘phys1m.l science. “A compressed spring. A storage battery. or any other term otvdevtce upahle of storing enerzY. cannot do thls; lf they could, things undreamed of at present might be locom- pllshed by their means. "The nearest approach to a charged con- denser ls a high explosive, sg dynamlts, But even the mast violent explnslon of sucb I compound bears no comparison wlth the dla- charge or explosion of a condenser. ':For, whlle the pressures that s.rs produced ln the detonstlon of s chemlcal compound are measured ln tens of tons per square lnch. those which may be caused by condenser dis charges may amount to thousands at tons per square lnch, and lf L chenxlcal could be made wnfch wyuxa -explode as quickly u s ens- denser can he discharged under condltlons whlch are reallzable an ounce of lt would qulte crrtalnly be sutllclent to render useless the largest battle shlp. "1‘hst important reall!-ations would follow from the use of 'sn Instrument possessing such ideal properties I have been convlnced since long ago, but I also recognised esrb that great dlmcultlrs would have to be over~ come before lt could replace less perfect lm- plernents now used ln the arts for the manl- fold transfnrmatlons of electrical enerfy, “These dlfhcultlea were many. The ccndeno- ers themselves. ss usually m*-“"‘!*°i“l'¢4~ were lnemdent. the conductors wasteful, thc best lnsulatlan Inadequate. and the oondltlons for the most emcient conversion were hard to adjust and to maintain. Problem of Controlling Electricity. "One dtmculty. however, which was more serious than others, nnd to which I mlled attentlon when I ilrst described thls system of energy trlnsformatlnn, was found ln the devices necessanly used for contrullln; tha charges and dlschlrzu of the condenser. “They were wanting ln emclency and rella. bility, lhd threatened to pr0\'e s decided drawback, greatly restrletlng the use of the system and deprivlnl lt of- many vsiunblg features. "For s numb¢r nf years I have trled to mas- ter this dlfllculty. Durlng thls tlme s great number of such devices were experimented upon. Many ot them promised well at nrst, only to Drcve Inadequate in the end. _"Reluctnntly, I came back upon sn lden on which I had worked long before. It was to replace the ordlnnry brushes and cgmmntntgr Mlments by llutd contacts. I had encou;\~ tered dlfllcultles then. but the lntervenlng years ln the laboratory were not spent ln valn, and I made headway. "First lt was necessary to Provlde for a clr. culatlon of me mhd. but forcing n cnmuga by n pump proved Itself lmpractlcsl. "Then the happy ldeq presented l¢|¢l| tg make the pumping devlce an Lntegral pnrt nf the clrcult lnterrupter, enclosing bqth ln , receptacle to prevent oxldntlon. _ "Next some nlmple Ways of mslntnlnlng the clrculatlon, ns by rotstlng a body of mer. cury, presented themselves. Then I learned' how to reduce stlll exlsted. I lndlcatlng how these seemlnxlr the wenr and losses whlch fear that these statements, much effort was spent ln |nslgnlllc:a.nt details, will not convey a high ldea of my ablllty, but 1 ¢°n_ (ess thnt my patlence was taxed to the ut. IDOSL Success for the Fhyslclll of 5|-|¢|¢¢, Flnslly, though, I had the sstlsfsctlon ot producing devices which are simple and ra. llshle ln thdr operation, whlch ruqulpg png. tlully no atlentlan. and whlch are capable of effecting s transformation of consldersbls Amounts of energy wlth fslr economy. ‘The physlclsn will not be Lhls to ohtsln an Instrument sultabla to tulnl many require ments. He will be able to use lt ln elect.ro~ therapeutic treatment ln most of the ways enumerated. He wlll have the fsclllty cf pro- vldlng hlmaelt with cnlla such as hs may deslre to have lor any particular pm-peg, wulen mu nv. htm my current 9, my pressure he any wlsh to abtnln. 1 "Buch colla wlll consllt of but a fsw turns of wlra, and the expense of prepar1n¢ [gag will be quita lns$|nlllasnL 'Tha Instrument _will also enabla htm to generals Rdntnn mn ot mueh greater power than obtainable with ordinary ap- paratul. --A tube must stflltbe furnished by the man- ufacturers which will not deteriorate, and which will allow to concentrate BFI!! amounts or energy upon the dsctsudg, "When thla ls dons nothing will stand ln the way of sn extensive and eiclmt app\Ica» dan of thts beautiful discovery, wma; gms; ultimately prove lfulf ofthe highest value. mt only st the hands at the IUYIOOD, but also of the electrqthu-aptst, sud. what la |9¢|¢ tmparyant, of the haetendqhg’ ‘The tlrlt and almplel-t method 0| IUPIHII the currents was to connect the body of the patlent to two polnta cf the tenuum, belt a dynamo or an lnducuon coll. The alternator mayheme|lvfn|’fromlhstoten¢ho\ssand complete vlbrsuoss per second. \hl|_s bein( nlll wlthlu the llml! of .